West Godavari district is one of the 13 districts in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The district is situated
in Coastal Andhra region of the state. Eluru is the administrative headquarters of the district. As of 2011 census
of India, it has an area of 7,742 km2 (2,989 sq mi) and a population of 3,936,966. It is bounded by Krishna
district on the west, East Godavari district on the east, Bay of Bengal on the south and the state of Telangana on
Eluru was a part of the Buddhist kingdom of Vengi. The Eastern Chalukyas ruled coastal Andhra from 700 to
1200, with Vengi, near Pedavegi village, as their capital. Historical evidences are found at the villages,
Pedavegi and Guntupalli (Jilakarragudem). Eluru then became a part of the Kalinga Empire until 1471. Later it
fell into the hands of the Gajapathis. In 1515 Sri Krishna Deva Raya captured it. After the fall of the
Vijayanagara Kingdom, it was taken by the Sultan of Golkonda, Kutub Shah. In 1925, West Godavari District
was formed with Eluru as its headquarters and all the district offices and regional offices were set up in Eluru
city Eluru District Collector Office.
West Godavari district was formed from old Godavari district in the year 1925. The Godavari district was
renamed as East Godavari district and the new district is named as West Godavari district.
The district occupies an area of 7,742 km2 (2,989 sq mi). The district is bounded by Khammam district on the
north, Bay of Bengal on the south. The Godavari River separates East Godavari district on east and Tammileru
River and Kolleru Lake separates it from Krishna district on the west. Dowleswaram barrage, Eluru canal,
Vijayarai Anicut, Tammileru, Jalleru and Yerrakaluva reservoirs are the source of irrigation.
The region has a tropical climate similar to the rest of the Coastal Andhra region. The summers (March–June)
are very hot and dry while the winters are fairly pleasant. The temperatures in the summers often rise over 50
degrees during the day. The rainy season (July–December) is often the best time for tourist visits, as fields are
brilliantly green with paddy crops, rivers flowing with monsoon water, and a relatively cool climate. The region
has long been home to the Indian nobles due to its climate and fertile soil, and several zamindar large mansions
are scattered around the Godavari area.Caves on Dhammalingesvarasvami Hill at Guntupalle.
As of 2011 Census of India, West Godavari district has a population of 3,936,966 with 1,091,525 households,
which is the 11th most populous district in the state. The district population is approximately equals to the
population of Liberia and Oregon.
In Andhra Pradesh, the West Godavari district is the 19th largest in terms of area with an area of 7,742 km2
(2,989 sq mi) and has a population density of 509/km2 (1,320/sq mi), which is the fourth most densely
populated district in the state. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 3.45%. West Godavari
has a sex ratio of 1004 females for every 1000 males and stands it at eighth position. It stands at first position in
terms of literacy rate in Andhra Pradesh with 26,52,389 (74.63%) literates.
Agriculture is one of the main occupation in the district with the main produce being paddy. Sugarcane, cashew
nut, mango, coconut and tobacco are other important crops. Apart from agriculture, the farmers also indulge in
aquaculture activities, such as, pisciculture and shrimp production. Wooden Pile Carpet Industry in Eluru
produces eco-friendly carpets from wool and are exported to foreign countries as well.